Exploring the Different Types of Tobacco Pipes

different types of tobacco pipes

Exploring the Different Types of Tobacco Pipes: From Briar to Meerschaum History and the Popularity of tobacco pipes

History and the Popularity of tobacco pipes

Tobacco pipes have been a popular smoking accessory for centuries. Handmade pipes, in particular, have gained a significant following due to their unique and intricate designs that can elevate the smoking experience.

The history of tobacco pipes can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Mayans and the Greeks. These early pipes were typically made of clay or stone and were often used for ceremonial purposes. However, as the popularity of tobacco smoking grew, so did the demand for more sophisticated and aesthetically pleasing pipe shapes.

Today, a wide variety of pipe shapes are available to suit every taste and preference. From classic billiard and apple shapes to more modern designs like the bent Dublin and freehand styles, there is a pipe shape for everyone.

Pipe smoking is a ritualistic experience that many have enjoyed throughout history. Packing the pipe, lighting it, and enjoying the slow and steady burn of the tobacco can be a relaxing and meditative experience for many smokers.

Handmade pipes, in particular, have become increasingly popular in recent years. These pipes are often crafted by skilled artisans who put great care and attention into each and every detail. Handmade pipes can also be customized to suit the individual smoker’s preferences, ensuring a truly unique and personalized smoking experience.

Overall, the Popularity of different types of tobacco pipes can be attributed to their rich history, the variety of pipe shapes available, and the unique experience of pipe smoking itself. Whether a seasoned smoker or trying it for the first time, a tobacco pipe can offer a timeless and enjoyable experience.

Materials Used in Tobacco Pipes

Briar Pipes

Briarwood is considered the most popular material for crafting high-quality tobacco pipes. The wood is obtained from the root burl of the Mediterranean heath tree, Erica arborea. The wood’s unique qualities make it the ideal material for making pipes. The root burl is exceptionally dense and complex, making it durable and long-lasting. In addition, Briarwood is resistant to heat, allowing the pipe to be smoked repeatedly without damage.

One of the most appealing aspects of briar pipes is their versatility in shape and design. Classic shapes such as billiard, apple, and bent pipes are often made with briar wood. More unique shapes like the tankard and Dublin shapes are also crafted with this wood. The briar wood’s natural grain and patterns give each pipe its unique and beautiful appearance. Pipe makers often enhance the wood’s natural beauty by carefully selecting and shaping each piece to create a unique, eye-catching pipe.

Cherry wood is sometimes combined with briar wood to create a two-toned look. Combining these woods can create stunning contrasts between light and dark, providing a unique aesthetic appeal to the pipe.

Pipe makers carefully consider the wood’s quality, grain, and colour when crafting pipes. Then, the wood is hand-carved, sanded, and polished to perfection. The resulting pipe is not only aesthetically pleasing, but it also smokes well due to the briar wood’s heat-resistant qualities.

different types of tobacco pipes

Advantages and disadvantages of briar pipes

Briar pipes are considered to be the most popular and widely used type of tobacco pipe. They are made from the root of the Mediterranean briar plant, known for their unique grain patterns and durability. Pipe smokers highly regard briar pipes for their many advantages, but they also have some disadvantages that should be considered.

Advantages of Briar Pipes

Durability:

Briar pipes are known for their sturdiness and can last many years when properly cared for.

Unique Grain Patterns:

The natural grain patterns of briar wood create a unique and attractive look that can vary from pipe to pipe.

Lightweight:

Briar pipes are relatively lightweight, making them comfortable to hold and smoke for extended periods.

Excellent Heat Resistance:

Briar pipes can withstand high temperatures and don’t crack or burn easily, making them an excellent choice for long smoking sessions.

Great for Smoking Flavored Tobacco:

Briar pipes are considered the best for smoking flavoured tobacco as they do not retain the taste of the previous tobacco smoked.

Disadvantages of Briar Pipes

High Cost:

Briar pipes can be quite expensive due to the high-quality materials used and the time-consuming process of making them.

Requires Breaking-In Period:

Briar pipes require a breaking-in period where they should only be smoked for short periods to allow the wood to adjust to the heat and moisture of the tobacco.

Can Be Prone to Cracks:

While briar pipes are durable, they can still crack if they are dropped or exposed to extreme temperature changes.

Can Be Affected by Moisture:

Briar pipes can be susceptible to moisture, which can cause them to warp or develop mould.

Therefore, briar pipes are a popular choice for pipe smokers due to their durability, unique grain patterns, and excellent heat resistance. However, they also have some drawbacks, such as a high cost and a breaking-in period. It is crucial to consider both the advantages and disadvantages of briar pipes before making a purchase to ensure that you choose the right smoking pipe for your needs.

Types of Briar Pipe

Briar pipes are some of the most popular smoking pipes in the world. They are made from the briar plant’s wood, known for its dense and hard properties. Briar pipes come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, each with its own unique style and smoking experience. This article will explore the different types of briar pipes available.

  1. Billiard Pipe: The billiard is one of the most classic and popular shapes of briar pipes. It features a cylindrical bowl and a straight stem. The bowl is usually wider at the base and tapers towards the top.
  2. Dublin pipe: The Dublin shape is a popular briar pipe shape that features a conical bowl and a tapered stem. It has a distinctive curved shape that sets it apart from other pipe shapes.
  3. Apple Pipe: The apple is another popular briar pipe shape named for its apple-like appearance. It features a rounded bowl and a short stem. The spherical bowl is usually wider at the top and tapers towards the bottom.
  4. Bulldog: The bulldog is a unique briar pipe shape that features a diamond-shaped bowl and a short stem. The bowl is usually wider at the base and tapers towards the top and bottom.
  5. Author: The author is a briar pipe shape similar to the billiard but with a wider bowl and a shorter bent stem. It is designed to be held in the hand rather than clamped between the teeth.
  6. Rhodesian: The Rhodesian is a briar pipe with a rounded bowl and a short stem. It is named after the former British colony of Rhodesia, which is now known as Zimbabwe.
  7. Pot: The pot pipe is a briar pipe shape that features a round bowl shape and a short stem. It is designed to sit upright on a flat surface rather than being held in the hand.

Each briar pipe shape has its unique style and smoking experience. So whether you prefer a classic billiard, bent billiard or a unique bulldog, a briar pipe shape is perfect for you.

Meerschaum Pipes

Meerschaum pipes are a unique type of tobacco pipe that is made from a soft white mineral called sepiolite, commonly known as meerschaum. This material is found primarily in Turkey and is highly prized for its ability to absorb tobacco tars and oils, resulting in a clean and cool smoking experience.

Meerschaum pipes come in a variety of shapes and styles, with the Canadian pipe being one of the more popular designs. However, many modern pipes incorporate elements of classic designs, such as a tapered bowl and saddle stem, along with slightly bent or curved shapes for added comfort during smoking.

The bowl shapes of meerschaum pipes can range from traditional pot shapes to more oval or cylindrical shapes and often feature intricate carvings or detailed designs that are unique to the individual pipe. The shank of the pipe is usually made of a different material, such as amber or vulcanite, and can also feature decorative touches like silver or gold bands.

One of the unique features of meerschaum pipes is their ability to change colour over time with use, developing a warm patina that adds character and distinction to the pipe. This is due to the natural oils and minerals in the tobacco that are absorbed by the porous meerschaum material.

Advantages and disadvantages of meerschaum pipes

Many pipe smokers value meerschaum pipes for their unique properties and smoking experience. However, like any other material, they also have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of them:

Advantages

Excellent heat resistance:

Meerschaum is an excellent insulator that can withstand high temperatures, perfect for pipe smoking.

Absorbs moisture:

Meerschaum has the ability to absorb moisture, which helps to cool the smoke and provide a smooth and flavorful smoking experience.

Lightweight:

Meerschaum pipes are lightweight, which makes them comfortable to hold and smoke.

Unique appearance:

Meerschaum has a unique white colour that develops a natural patina with use, giving each pipe a distinct look over time.

Easy to carve:

Meerschaum is a soft and easy-to-carve material which allows pipe makers to create intricate and detailed designs.

Disadvantages

Fragile:

Meerschaum is a relatively soft material and can easily break or chip if dropped or mishandled.

Susceptible to staining:

Meerschaum pipes can be susceptible to staining if not properly cared for, which can affect their appearance over time.

Expensive:

Meerschaum is a rare and expensive material, which can make meerschaum pipes quite costly compared to other types of pipes.

Limited availability:

Due to the rarity of meerschaum, finding high-quality meerschaum pipes on the market can take time.

In summary, meerschaum pipes offer several benefits for pipe smokers, including their excellent heat resistance, ability to absorb moisture, and unique appearance. However, they also have some drawbacks, such as their fragility, susceptibility to staining, and high cost.

Types of meerschaum pipes

Many pipe enthusiasts highly value meerschaum pipes due to their unique properties, and they come in a variety of types. Here are some of the most common types of meerschaum pipes:

  1. Block Meerschaum Pipes: These pipes are made from a solid block of meerschaum stone and are highly valued for their superior smoking qualities. Block meerschaum pipes are generally considered to be the highest quality meerschaum pipes available, and they often feature intricate carvings or designs.
  2. Pressed Meerschaum Pipes: Pressed meerschaum pipes are made by compressing small pieces of meerschaum stone into a solid form, which is then carved and shaped into a pipe. These pipes are generally less expensive than block meerschaum pipes but still offer many of the same smoking qualities.
  3. Lattice Meerschaum Pipes: Lattice meerschaum pipes feature a unique lattice design that is carved into the meerschaum stone. The lattice design helps to cool the smoke as it passes through the pipe, resulting in a smoother smoking experience.
  4. Figural Meerschaum Pipes: Figural meerschaum pipes are carved into various shapes and designs, often featuring animals, people, or other objects. Collectors highly seek after these pipes, and they can be quite expensive.
  5. Painted Meerschaum Pipes: Some meerschaum pipes are painted or coloured to create a unique appearance. While these pipes may be aesthetically pleasing, they are generally considered to be of lower quality than uncolored meerschaum pipes, as the colouring can affect the smoking properties of the pipe.

Each type of meerschaum pipe offers a unique smoking experience, and choosing the right one depends on personal preferences and budget.

Clay Pipes

Clay pipes are a traditional and historical type of tobacco pipe that has been used for centuries. They are made from clay, a natural material formed from the sedimentation of rocks and minerals. Clay pipes were first used by indigenous peoples in the Americas and later spread throughout Europe and the rest of the world.

One of the advantages of clay pipes is that they are very affordable and widely available. They are also lightweight and easy to hold, making them a popular choice for beginners or for those who prefer a simple, traditional smoking experience. Clay pipes are also porous, which means that they absorb some of the moisture from the tobacco, resulting in cooler and drier smoke.

different types of tobacco pipes

Advantages and disadvantages of clay pipes

Clay pipes have been used for centuries and are still popular among pipe smokers. However, there are both advantages and disadvantages to using clay pipes, which we will explore below.

Advantages

Cool smoking:

Clay pipes have a high thermal conductivity, which means they draw heat away from the tobacco more efficiently than other materials. This results in cooler smoke and can make for a more enjoyable smoking experience.

Lightweight:

Clay pipes are generally very light, which makes them easy to hold and clench between your teeth. This is especially beneficial for those who like to smoke for extended periods.

Inexpensive:

Clay pipes are relatively inexpensive, which makes them an excellent option for those who are just starting with pipe smoking. They are also a good option for those who want to experiment with different pipe shapes and configurations without breaking the bank.

Disadvantages

Fragile:

Clay pipes are very fragile and can break easily if dropped or mishandled. This means they require more care and attention than other types of pipes.

Limited durability:

Clay pipes have a limited lifespan compared to other materials. They are prone to cracking or breaking over time, and the bowl may also wear down with frequent use.

Limited availability

Clay pipes are less widely available than other types of pipes. They are typically handcrafted by pipe makers, which means they may only be available at some tobacco shops.

Regarding pipe configuration, clay pipes typically come in a bent design with a tapered stem. As a result, the stems of clay pipes are often shorter and more delicate than other pipes, and they can be difficult to replace if they break. Some pipe makers also offer other pipes made from clay, such as meerschaum-lined clay pipes, which combine the heat-dissipating properties of clay with the durability of meerschaum. Overall, clay pipes can be a great option for those who prioritize cool smoking, lightweight pipes, and inexpensive options, but they do come with their own set of drawbacks.

Type of Clay Pipes

One type of clay pipe is the “churchwarden” or “long stem” pipe. This pipe has a long stem, often over 9 inches, and a small bowl. It is designed to provide a cooler smoking experience and is often associated with the fictional character Gandalf from “The Lord of the Rings” series.

Another type of clay pipe is the “cutty” pipe. This pipe has a thin, elongated bowl and tapered stem that flares out at the end. It is named after the character Cutty Sark from Robert Burns’ poem “Tam o’ Shanter.”

The “Liverpool” pipe is another type of clay pipe. It has a long, curved stem that extends down to the bowl, which is often shaped like a bell. This type of pipe is said to have originated in Liverpool, England, and was popular in the late 19th century.

The “Dutch” or “Holland” pipe is a type of clay pipe that is commonly found in the Netherlands. It has a small bowl and a long stem that is usually straight or slightly curved. These pipes are often decorated with intricate designs and can be found in a variety of colours.

The “meerschaum-lined” clay pipe is another type of clay pipe. It has a clay bowl with a lining made of meerschaum, a soft mineral that is often used for tobacco pipes. The meerschaum lining helps to absorb moisture and provides a cooler smoking experience.

In addition to these clay pipe types, many other variations and designs can be found. Historians and reenactors often use clay pipes, as they are a popular choice for recreating historical smoking practices. They are also popular with pipe collectors and enthusiasts due to their unique designs and historical significance.

Corncob Pipes

Corncob pipes are a type of smoking pipe that smokers have used for centuries. These pipes are made from dried corn cobs and have become a popular choice for many tobacco enthusiasts. The corncob material used in these pipes makes them lightweight, inexpensive, and very durable. In addition, the material does not interfere with the taste of the tobacco being smoked.

The shape and design of corncob pipes are relatively simple. They typically feature a straight or slightly bent stem with a classic shape, such as a billiard or apple. The bowl of a corncob pipe is usually taller than that of other pipes, giving it a distinctive appearance. The stem of a corncob pipe is often made of plastic or another synthetic material but can also be made of hardwood or bamboo. Some corncob pipes have oval or round shanks that add to their overall aesthetic appeal.

One of the primary benefits of corncob pipes is their affordability. They are much less expensive than other types of smoking pipes, making them an excellent option for beginners or those on a tight budget. In addition, corncob pipes are very light, making them comfortable to hold and easy to smoke for extended periods of time. They are also very durable and can last for years with proper care.

One potential downside of corncob pipes is that they may not be as aesthetically pleasing as other types of pipes. Some smokers prefer the look and feel of more traditional materials such as briar or meerschaum. In addition, the stem of a corncob pipe may not be as durable as those made from other materials. However, these are relatively minor drawbacks compared to the overall benefits of corncob pipes.

Advantages and disadvantages of corncob pipes

Corncob pipes have been popular among pipe enthusiasts for over a century. These pipes are made from corn cobs, a byproduct of the corn industry. They are known for their affordable price, lightweight, and unique appearance. However, corncob pipes have advantages and disadvantages like any other type of pipe.

Advantages

Affordability:

One of the biggest advantages of corncob pipes is their affordability. They are significantly cheaper than other types of pipes, making them a great choice for beginners or those on a tight budget.

Lightweight:

Corncob pipes are incredibly lightweight, making them easy to handle and hold in the mouth for an extended period.

Neutral taste:

Unlike other materials such as briar, meerschaum, or clay, corncob pipes do not affect tobacco taste. This allows for a pure smoking experience, where the natural flavour of the tobacco can be fully enjoyed.

No break-in period:

Unlike other types of pipes, corncob pipes do not require a break-in period. This means that they can be smoked right away without the need for a specific process to prepare the pipe.

Disadvantages

Durability:

Corncob pipes are less durable than other types of pipes. They are more likely to crack or break if not handled carefully. Additionally, they may not be able to withstand high heat and are not recommended for extended smoking sessions.

Short lifespan:

Due to their fragile nature, corncob pipes have a relatively short lifespan compared to other materials, such as briar or meerschaum.

Limited design options:

Corncob pipes are only available in a limited range of shapes and sizes. This can limit the customization options for those who prefer a more unique design.

In conclusion, corncob pipes are a great choice for beginners or those on a tight budget who are looking for a lightweight and neutral-tasting pipe. However, those who are looking for a durable pipe that can withstand high heat and offer a wider range of customization options may consider other materials such as briar or meerschaum.

Types of Corncob Pipes

Corncob pipes are popular among smokers for their affordability, lightweight, and unique appearance. They are made from the dried and hollowed-out cob of a corn plant and are available in various shapes and sizes to suit different smoking preferences. Here are some of the most common types of corncob pipes:

  1. Straight Pipes: These are the most basic type of corncob pipes, with a straight stem and a bowl that is wider at the top than at the bottom. They are often the most affordable and lightweight option.
  2. Bent Pipes: Bent corncob pipes have a curved stem that angles downward, making them easier to hold and smoke. They are available in various degrees of bend, from slightly curved to deeply bent.
  3. Tall Bowl Pipes: These pipes have a longer bowl than standard corncob pipes, allowing for a longer smoking time before refilling. They are a good choice for smokers who enjoy longer smoking sessions.
  4. Short Bowl Pipes: The opposite of tall bowl pipes, short bowl corncob pipes have a shorter bowl that is designed for quick smoke. They are ideal for those who prefer shorter smoking sessions.
  5. Miniature Pipes: These small corncob pipes, often only a few inches long, are perfect for a quick smoke or for collectors who want to display their pipes.
  6. Novelty Pipes: Corncob pipes are often made in novelty shapes, such as animal heads, that add a touch of fun and whimsy to smoking.

Overall, corncob pipes are a versatile and affordable option for smokers who want a unique smoking experience. With various shapes and sizes available, there is sure to be a corncob pipe to suit every smoking preference.

Metal Pipes

Metal pipes are a popular choice for pipe-smoking enthusiasts due to their durability, sleek appearance, and affordability. While there are several materials that can be used to make pipes, metal pipes have their unique advantages.

Brass, stainless steel, and aluminum are the most commonly used metals for making tobacco pipes. These metals are corrosion-resistant, which makes them ideal for long-term use. Brass pipes are known for their attractive appearance, while stainless steel pipes are highly durable and long-lasting. Aluminum pipes are lightweight and ideal for those who prefer a portable pipe.

Metal pipes are constructed in a straightforward design. Some common pipe shapes include the straight pipe, bent pipe, and churchwarden pipe. The straight pipe is the clearest and most traditional pipe shape, while the bent pipe has a curved stem that allows for a comfortable grip. It is characterized by its long stem, which provides a cooler smoke.

When smoking a metal pipe, it is essential to ensure the metal has cooled down before packing the tobacco. This is because the metal can conduct heat and become too hot to hold comfortably. Additionally, it is recommended to use a pipe tool to pack the tobacco and to clean out the bowl after smoking.

Advantages and disadvantages of metal pipes

Metal pipes have been popular among smokers for their durability and affordability. They are usually made from materials like aluminum, stainless steel, and brass and come in various shapes and sizes to suit different preferences. However, like any smoking device, metal pipes have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages:

  1. Durability: Metal pipes are extremely durable and can last long if taken care of properly. They can withstand accidental drops and impacts that would easily damage other types of pipes.
  2. Affordability: Metal pipes are relatively inexpensive compared to other materials like briar or meerschaum. They are a great option for beginners or those on a tight budget.
  3. Easy to Clean: Metal pipes are easy to clean and maintain, as they can be quickly disassembled and cleaned with simple household cleaning products.
  4. Variety: Metal pipes come in various shapes and designs to suit individual preferences. They can be straightforward or intricately designed with a unique style.

Disadvantages:

  1. Heat Transfer: Metal pipes can get very hot when in use, which can be uncomfortable or even dangerous for the smoker. This also affects the taste of the tobacco and may cause it to become harsh and bitter.
  2. Taste: The taste of tobacco in a metal pipe can be different from other materials, and some smokers may not prefer the metallic taste.
  3. Limited Aesthetics: While there are various designs available, the aesthetic appeal of metal pipes is limited compared to other materials like briar or meerschaum.
  4. Limited Tobacco Chamber: Metal pipes typically have smaller tobacco chambers than other types of pipes, which can be a disadvantage for those who prefer longer smoking sessions.

Types of Metal Pipes

Metal pipes are popular among smokers for their durability and sleek appearance. They are often made from materials such as aluminum, stainless steel, and brass, which offer resistance to corrosion and damage from heat. Here are some common types of metal pipes:

  1. Spoon Pipe: The spoon pipe is a popular and straightforward design, with a tobacco chamber on one end and a tapered mouthpiece on the other. They often feature a carburetor, a small hole that can be covered or uncovered to control the airflow.
  2. Sherlock Pipe: The Sherlock pipe is a classic design with a curved stem and a bowl with a flat bottom. It is named after the famous detective Sherlock Holmes, who was often depicted smoking a pipe of this shape.
  3. Chillum: The chillum is a straight pipe with a narrow tobacco chamber and a mouthpiece on one end. They are often made from brass or stone and used in spiritual practices in India and Nepal.
  4. One-hitter: The one-hitter is a small metal pipe designed for smoking small amounts of tobacco. It typically has a narrow tobacco chamber and a mouthpiece on one end.
  5. Calabash Pipe: The calabash pipe is a classic design with a curved stem and a rounded tobacco chamber made from a gourd. It was popularized by the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and is often associated with elegance and sophistication.

When choosing a metal pipe, the pipe maker and pipe design are important factors to consider. A well-crafted pipe from a reputable pipe maker can provide a comfortable smoking experience. Conversely, a poorly designed or cheaply made pipe can lead to discomfort or a harsh smoking experience. The tobacco chamber and bowl shape can also affect the flavour and quality of the smoke. For example, a bent stem can provide a more comfortable smoking experience, while a straight stem can be more challenging to hold for long periods.

Conclusion

In conclusion, tobacco pipes have a rich history and continue to be a popular pastime for many. With the wide range of materials available, including briar, meerschaum, clay, corncob, and metal, there is a pipe to suit every preference. Each material has its advantages and disadvantages, with briar being the most popular due to its durability and versatility. Meerschaum offers a unique smoking experience, while clay pipes are affordable and have a long history. Corncob pipes are famous for their simplicity and affordability, while metal pipes offer a modern and sleek design. Ultimately, choosing pipe material and design is a matter of personal preference and can greatly enhance the smoking experience.

In addition, the craftsmanship and design of pipes can significantly impact the smoking experience. Skilled pipe makers create pipes with intricate details and structures, such as ornate carvings or unique shapes. The shape and size of the tobacco chamber and bowl can also affect the smoking experience, with larger bowls allowing for longer smoking sessions and tapered bowls offering a more concentrated flavour. The stem of the pipe, whether straight or bent, can also impact the smoking experience by affecting the draw and comfort of the pipe. Pipe smokers must consider their preferences and priorities when choosing a pipe, whether it be durability, design, or smoking experience. With the variety of options available, there is a tobacco pipe for every smoker to enjoy.

FAQs

Best tobacco pipe for beginners?

A good tobacco pipe for beginners is one that is easy to handle and clean. Straight pipes with a medium-sized bowl are usually recommended, such as billiard or apple shapes. Briar pipes are also a great choice due to their durability and versatility.

Different types of smoking pipes?

There are different types of smoking pipes, including briar, meerschaum, clay, corncob, and metal pipes.

How is tobacco pipe made?

Tobacco pipes can be made from various materials such as briar, meerschaum, clay, corncob, and metal. The process of making a tobacco pipe involves carving or shaping the material into a bowl shape that can hold the tobacco. The pipe maker also creates a stem that attaches to the bowl and allows the smoker to inhale the smoke. The design and construction of the tobacco pipe can greatly affect the smoking experience.

Why is tobacco pipe important?

Tobacco pipes are important for their historical and cultural significance, as well as for the unique smoking experience they offer.

How to maximize flavours with tobacco pipes?

To maximize flavors with tobacco pipes, it is recommended to choose high-quality tobacco, pack the bowl correctly, and take slow, deliberate puffs while smoking.

References

‌CDCTobaccoFree. (2018, October 2). Cigars. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/tobacco_industry/cigars/index.htm

Tobacco pipe. (2023, March 14). Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco_pipe

Materials and Construction – Pipedia. (n.d.). Pipedia.org. Retrieved May 4, 2023, from https://pipedia.org/wiki/Materials_and_Construction

‌Pipe | smoking. (2019). In Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/pipe-smoking

‌Watson, S. (n.d.). Smoking Pipes and Cigars: Health Effects and Cancer Concerns. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/effects-of-smoking-pipes-and-cigars

pipe shapes explained types of smoking pipes glass tobacco pipes for sale